Transculturation, Cross-Fertilization, Ressentiment, And Creolization: Ideological Plays Of Amiri Baraka

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Dr. Sussan Rahimi Bagha


In the 1960s, the black world has experienced the rise of political and ideological drama by LeRoi Jones, known as Amiri Baraka, who is well-known for his cultural, social, and ideological art movements. This study determines to discover the roles of ressentiment, the effects of ideology, and creolization in A Black Mass, double consciousness and epidermalization in Dutchman, revolt and victimization in The Slave, and Cross-fertilization and transculturation in Madheart while considering the blacks’ experiences in Baraka’s plays. Through the interdisciplinary viewpoint, the aim of this paper is to study the social and political characteristics of black people and the identity of them through ethno-psycho-ideological disciplines, to investigate the sources of deculturation and acculturation presented in the subjects of ideology. Baraka’s plays are illustrations of the traditional and modern slavery, as well as marginalization of black people in multicultural zones. To enrich the present study, the researcher has applied Frantz Fanon’s psychological and revolutionary ideas against white colonial societies, and Slavoj Zizek’s psycho-ideological definitions. This paper shows the worthless ‘Civil Rights’ in the dominant societies, so the blacks’ main intentions are to combat whites for decolonization. Baraka’s attempts have flourished the black art and shaped the Black Arts Movement, which are stated as political and revolutionary concerns.

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