Exercises Of Varying Resistances And Muscular Work Exchange Effects On Physical Adequacy And The Completion Of 200m - Meter Freestyle Swimming

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Farqad Abdul Jabbar Kadhim Jawad Al-Mousawi


This research aims to prepare exercises of varying resistances and muscular work exchange for 200m freestyle swimmers, in addition to these exercises’ effects on physical adequacy and the time needed to complete this distance. The experimental method is the basis for the design of the experimental group and the control group of a 100% intentionally chosen sample from a community of  elite-youth swimmers of 200m freestyle swimming for the sport season of 2020-2021 at the Police Sports Club. The sample consists of 15 swimmers that were divided, randomly, into two groups; 7 of them in the experimental group while 8 were in the control group. Physical adequacy was calculated with the use of swimmers’ mechanical energy measurements while they were on the treadmill. This was done to measure the kinetic energy by fixing the potential energy and in order to measure the kinetic energy from the calories measurements by linking the Fitmate Pro device’ system. The following equation was applied: physical adequacy = mechanical energy\kinetic energy. Exercises’ preparation relies on resistance’ quantity graduation and diversification in every instrument within these exercises. This was achieved by two methods of periodic, intensity elevated, and repetitive training with the addition of applying this procedure for 10 consecutive-training weeks at the rate of 3 units each off day within the same-training week. In each training unit, there were 4 quick movement exercises. After the previously mentioned was done, the data was processed by the use of the SPSS program in order for the conclusions and applications of this research to demonstrate the helpful quality of these exercises, of varying resistances and muscular work exchange, in the development of the level of physical adequacy and the improvement of the period needed to complete the 200m distance for the elite-youth swimmers. It is of the utmost importance to support the knowledge of coaches on how to utilize the laws of physics to help them affect the energy-producing chemical processes in swimmers. Furthermore, it is vital to account for the muscular contractions and their direction, in swimmers, whenever the employment of resistances is involved. This enables swimmers to overcome the circumstances of the race at maximum speed; avoiding negative side effects, when the quantity of these resistances rises, on the decrease of the speed of completion.

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