Ethical Leadership Dimensions And Their Relationships With Job Satisfaction And Organizational Commitment

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Mohammed S. Al Muhannaa


Ethics is one of the most ancient forms of spiritual activity. The need for understanding the relationship of man to man appeared a very long time ago, at the very dawn of civilization. The term “ethics” historically comes from the Greek “ethos,” which means - character, character, custom, lifestyle, law. The emergence of ethics as a term and a particular systematic discipline is associated with Aristotle's name. Based on the word “ethos” in the meaning of character, Aristotle formed the adjective “ethical” to denote a particular class of human qualities, which he called ethical virtues. Ethics is often called “practical philosophy” (Cheney et al., 2011). The word “ethics” began to denote the field of philosophical knowledge studying human virtues, or the doctrine of morality, exploring the wisdom of life, in which people tried to understand what happiness is and how to achieve it (Minkes et al., 1999). Today, researchers have developed different definitions of ethics which have different meanings. For example, according to Paul and Elder (2013), “ethics is a set of concepts and principles that guide us in determining what behavior helps or harms sentient creatures” (Prifti, 2015, p. 55). Williams (2015) defines ethics as “the set of moral principles or values that defines right and wrong for a person or group” (p. 67). According to Dlabay et al. (2009), “ethics are the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group” (p. 164). Thus, since ancient times, ethics as a science has been one of the areas of philosophy, which is engaged in studying moral and moral values of various social groups. In the continuation of the traditions of ancient philosophers and thinkers, modern ethics is studying the deeper moral problems of humanity.

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