Seven-Year Stress Reactions And Resilience Of Public School Teachers: Basis For Proposed Intervention For Calamity Survivors

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Maria Cecilia Pangan


The study is aimed to identify the disaster stress reactions and resiliency  of typhoon Sendong  survivors after seven years. Purposively selected were public- school teacher participants from the City of Cagayan de Oro. The study is a qualitative research using Thematic Analysis  of the stress reactions, coping strategies, and social support. Findings from the study showed  the following disaster stress reactions: Kanunay ana sa hunahuna (Cognitive Reaction- flashbacks, muddled thought);  Mga kaimtang (Physical Reaction-hunger, disease, relocation, nervousness); Mga kasakit (Emotional Reaction-anxiety, anger, fear sadness); Pagkawalay mahimo (Socio-Behavioral Reaction-help seeking behavior, helplessness); and Pag ampo ug  Pagsalig sa Ginoo (Spiritual Reaction- faith in God, hope for family’s safety). It identified  the  participants’ resiliency during  the calamity , such as:  Kinaiyahan (Attitude-acceptance, helpfulness, gratitude); Espirituhanong Pagtuo (Spirituality-faith, hope); and Pagtinabangay (Support-internal:family, external:community)  It also identified   six resiliency themes after  seven years: Espirituhanong Pagtuo (Spirituality-faith in God); Pagsusi kanunay sa Pamilya (Monitoring Family-communicating, connecting);  Pagpangandam (Preparedness-listening to news, game plan, survival kit, safety storage), Maayong mga Panumduman (Savoring/ Treasuring-good memories, positive self-image); Kalingawan (Entertainment- engaging in interests, use of gadgets); and   Pagtutok sa uban nga butang (Intentional Focus-being preoccupied). A community-based resilience program ,   “Hapsay”, was proposed to assist, give closure and empower members of the community especially the victims of disasters.

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