Systematic Reviews And Their Epistemological Foundations: A Narrative Review Of The Literature

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Oscar Eliezer Mendoza de los Santos , Gabriela María Luisa Riquelme Alcantar , Adalberto de Hoyos Bermea


Systematic reviews are often recognized as the best source of evidence in several fields. However, the literature indicates a lack of reflection on their epistemological foundation. This article describes a narrative review of the literature that deals with these issues to form a state of knowledge. From searches in various databases, the scarcity of approaches to the epistemology of the systematic review stands out. Among the main interests detected are the discussions regarding positivist positions in carrying out reviews; criticism of reflexivity in the review process; the relevance of the hegemonic model of Evidence-Based Medicine; and the need for methods to synthesize mixed evidence.

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