Variables Affecting Academic Performance In University Admission Tests And Desertion

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Yeyson Leandro Blanco Ariza , Gabriela Jacqueline Galeas Arboleda , Senior Naveda Alexa , Abel Remache


A documentary review was carried out on the production and publication of research papers related to the study of academic variables that affect academic performance in university entrance tests and desertion. The purpose of the bibliometric analysis proposed in this document was to know the main characteristics of the volume of publications registered in the Scopus database during the period 2016-2021, achieving the identification of 117 publications in total. The information provided by the said platform was organized through graphs and figures categorizing the information by Year of Publication, Country of Origin, Area of Knowledge and Type of Publication. Once these characteristics were described, the position of different authors regarding the proposed topic was referenced by employing a qualitative analysis. Among the main findings of this research, it is found that the United States, with 51 publications, was the country with the highest scientific production registered in the name of authors affiliated with institutions of that country. The Area of Knowledge that made the greatest contribution to the construction of bibliographic material referring to the study of the Academic Variables that Affect Academic Performance in University Admission Exams was Social Sciences with 68 published documents, and the Type of Publication that was most used during the above-mentioned period was the Journal Article, which represents 82% of the total scientific production.

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