Comparison Of Teaching And Management Cadres Deos Regarding Financial Management In Pakistan

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Irfan Ullah , Mudassir Hussain , Mati Ullah , Ihtesham Ali , Shafqat Ullah , Syed Waiz Hussain


It was a descriptive (survey) study. The population of the study consisted of All Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools. All School Heads (Head Masters and Principals) were the target population as well as the sample of the study as per John Curry's sample size rule of thumb in which the total numbers of secondary school Heads were 84 (56 boys and 28 girls schools), Likewise, the total numbers of Higher Secondary School Heads were 16 (14 boys and 02 girls schools) respectively. Simple random sampling technique was used. Data were collected through self-developed questionnaires on 5-point Likert Scale with options Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were ensured. The gathered data were statistically analyzed through SPSS by using Statistical Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test for comparison. Findings, results and conclusions were drawn by revealing that Management Cadre DEOs' performance was comparatively found better than Teaching Cadre DEOs. Some recommendations were suggested by citing that the government, education department, policy and decision-makers etc. may improve and polish teaching Cadre DEOs while Management Cadre DEOs may maintain their performance better and successful to ensure the quality of education in all perspectives.

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