Systematic Literature Review of Moral Education in Schools

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Yuni Harmawati, Sapriya, Aim Abdulkarim, Prayoga Bestari


This study aims to analyze comprehensively the effectiveness of moral education in various countries. The objective of moral education is the implementation of moral values in students' lives, the cultivation of moral skills, which are the skills of solving moral problems and moral decision-making skills. Moral education in schools is centered on students, in order to create active learning. Technology which is developing rapidly has an impact on educators to consider integrating technology in moral education. This research studies the literature on moral education in various countries. The researchers used Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyzes (PRISMA) to select, filter and report. In this study, selected articles published in a fourteen year time frame (2008-2022) were analyzed, and 23 articles were included for the overall analysis. The analysis shows that most moral education articles authors come from two countries, namely China and the United States. Technology-based moral education has been widely developed in China and the United States. The researchers examined 60% of the research on moral education focused on moral values, teaching innovation, and experience. The researchers noticed a lack of articles focused on moral skills and digital technology.

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