Features of subject expression in simple semi-composite sentence of the Rutul language: semantic and syntactic analysis

Main Article Content

S.M. Makhmudova


Syntax in the Nakh-Dagestan languages is still a problem that has not been fully investigated, complicated by the fact that the semantics of syntactic constructions are closely intertwined with other levels of language and the methods available in the arsenal of modern linguistic theory for describing such fundamental categories as a sentence, its main members, voice, mood, even the composition of the case system, etc., they are not always relevant here and require further special research. A.A. Bokarev [4], Z.G. devoted their works to the syntax of various Dagestan languages. Abdullaev [1,2], M.M. Hajiyev [5,6], B.G. Khanmagomedov [24], R.N. Rajabov [21], etc. The verb and its forms in the Iberian-Caucasian languages dictate the forms of the actants of the syntactic construction, actually building its scheme.

The analysis of syntactic features and functions of the adverbial participle and the adverbial turnover in a simple sentence of the Rutul language attracts attention from the point of view that in the named language the subject can be expressed in several cases, and not one nominative, which raises the question with what in this case the reference of the adverbial part should be consistent. Our work is devoted to the analysis of the behavior of the adverbial participle and adverbial turns from the point of view of their reference with the subject in different cases in a simple complicated sentence of the Rutul language.

Article Details