The Effect Of Counseling Methods In Increasing Knowledge, Attitudes, And Motivations For Prevention Of Drug Abuse In Senior High School Students At Makassar City Indonesia

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Muhammad Azwar , Bakhrani A. Rauf , Ahmad Rifqi Asrib , Muhammad Ardi , Faizal Amir , Mithen Lullulangi


This study aims to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and motivations about preventing drug abuse among students educated using the Lecture and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) methods at Makassar City Senior High School as well as the differences between both groups. This is an experimental study, which was carried out in two Senior High Schools selected using the purposive sampling method, namely State 1 Senior High and 5 Senior High in Makassar. Subsequently, a total of 30 second-grade students were selected from each using the random sampling method. The experimental design used was a 2x3 factorial design, and the dependent variables observed include knowledge, attitudes, and motivation of students about drug abuse. The independent variables were (1) drug abuse material using the Lecture method, and (2) drug abuse material using the FGD method. The study instruments include knowledge tests as well as attitude and motivation questionnaires, which were used to collect student data before and after counseling. The data were then analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. The inferential analysis model was an independent t-test.  The results showed that: (1) the knowledge, attitudes, and motivation about the prevention of drug abuse among students educated with the Lecture and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) methods were relatively high, and (2) both methods can be used for counseling, but FGD is the best.

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