Fiscal Constraint: Study Of Factors And Impacts

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Ebrahim Mohamed Al-Humoud


Tax is generally defined as: “a compulsory financial levy imposed by the State on the taxpayer, on a permanent basis and without compensation, in order to serve the public interest”.

In addition to the absence of a counterpart in the tax, compulsion and coercion are the distinguishing features of the tax compared to other financial levies that the state uses to finance the public treasury, such as public prices, fees, and credits, although fees are paid by compulsion, but they are characterized by the existence of a particular advantage for the beneficiary who pays the fee. The same applies to compulsory borrowing, which may be used by the state under certain conditions, but not permanently, and is done with a counterpart and a well-defined benefit is obtained represented by interest.

The tax takes a part of the income and wealth, and thus constitutes a restriction to investment and consumption. As a result, it infringes on the right to private property, which constitutions and declarations of human rights describe as sacred and inviolable. These constitutions require the intervention of the legislator in the name of the law, as it expresses the will of the nation to establish, amend or abolish general tax, since it cannot be imposed with an instrument inferior to the law.

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