Interrelation Of Orthopedic And Orthodontic Findings From 6- 12 Years Of Age: An Original Research

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Dr. Deepak Rohella , Dr. Piyush Oswal , Dr Manish Pisarla , Dr. Anuj Paul Maini , Dr. Amrita Das , Dr. Pradeep Kandikatla , Dr. Damarasingu Rajesh


Introduction: In order to distinguish between the preventative, diagnostic, and therapeutic sectors of orthopaedics and orthodontics, it is scientifically and practically interesting to examine correlations between orthopaedic and orthodontic data based on multidisciplinary investigations. Numerous research examining the relationships between particular Angle classes and orthopaedic parameters have been published in the literature. The findings of this research suggest a possible relationship between Class II malocclusion and weak body posture as well as scoliosis. The current interdisciplinary study's objectives were to investigate relationships between orthodontic and orthopaedic results in pre-school infants and to assess those relationships in light of preventive advice.

Methodology: In this study, 59 pre-school infants (29 boys and 30 girls) ranging in age from 3.5 to 6.8 years (mean: 5.0 years) were included. The procedure for the orthodontic and orthopaedic examinations was standardized.

Results: Angle class distributions were equivalent to those in non-selected groups according to the orthodontic evaluation (Class I: 63 percent , Class II: 32 percent , Class III: 5 percent ). 52 percent of the participants had pathologic findings after the orthopaedic examination, and there were statistically significant connections between Class II malocclusion and scoliosis (p = 0.033) and between weak body posture and Class II malocclusion (p = 0.028).

Conclusion: The findings suggest that prophylactic screening should be implemented when pre-school infants have Angle Class II orthodontic findings. The orthodontist might then begin early orthodontic therapy to avoid incisor trauma in children with severe overjet and could also account for probable orthopaedic deformities in pre-school infants with Class II malocclusions on a preventive multidisciplinary basis.

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