Protection Of Farmers As Breeders Of Local Plant Varieties In Indonesia In The Perspective Of The Welfare State

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Sudjana and Yogi Muhammad Rahman


From the viewpoint of the welfare state, this study attempts to examine applicable worldwide and national regulations relating to protection for producers as producers of regional plant varieties. According to the study's findings, farmers' rights are disregarded by the Global Alliance for the Preservation of New Plant Varieties (UPOV). Articles 9, 12, and 14 of Law No. 12 of 1992 Regarding Plant Cultivation System, News stories 7 and 10 of Law No. 29 of 2000 Regarding Safeguards of Plant Varieties, as well as Opinion piece 9 of Law No. 4 of regard To the environment Signing of the Treaty of the Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Agriculture and Food do not reflect the idea of a welfare state because they do not take into account farmers' rights to financial gains from the advancement of agricultural technology. Farmers are protected by the International Convention on Plant Genomic Resources for Agriculture and Food (ITPGRFA) and the Committee on Biological Diversity (CBD), which both ensure that plant genetic resources will be used for food and agriculture and that variations will be preserved. Hope is offered by Publications 9 and 10 of Government Regulation Law number. 13 of 2004 Concerning Designation, Register, and Utilization of Genuine Variants for Making The necessary Derivative Varieties because they allow the government, which represents the interests of the people, to enter into advantage agreements with other parties who profit from regional varieties.

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