The Effect Of Finger Grip Relaxation Techniques As Pain Therapy (Non Pharmacological) Due To Dysmenorrhea In Middle School Students

Main Article Content

Lailatul Fadliyah , Hendy Hendarto , Amellia Mardhika , Ardianti Agustin , Iswatun , Anesthesia PMT , Emuliana Sulpat , Eka Sarofah


Dysmenorrhea is abdominal pain during menstruation which can be followed by nausea, vomiting, and even fainting. Dysmenorrhea increases prostaglandin (PG) F2-Alfa, namely cyclooxygenase (COX-2) resulting in hypertonus and vasoconstriction myometrium resulting ischemia and resulting lower abdominal pain. Situation causes the productivity of adolescents to decrease and results not being able to carry out physical and psychological activities. Quality of life for young women decreases, it can also reduce concentration in learning. Non-pharmacological management, namely distraction, relaxation techniques, and also skin stimulation techniques can reduce pain intensity. Study qualitative research design pre-experimental one group pre-post test design, student population, purposive sample of 136 students taken by simple random sampling. Dependent variable is adolescents who experience dysmenorrhea while the independent variable is finger grip relaxation techniques. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test results SPSS Asymp results. sig. (2-tailed) 0.000 < = 0.05 so that H1 is accepted, there is effect of finger grip relaxation techniques on dysmenorrhoea pain. Reflex points the hands provide reflex (spontaneous) stimulation at the time of grip. Stimulation will flow shock waves or electricity to the brain. These waves generate impulses sent by non-nociceptive afferent nerves resulting the gates in thalamus being closed so that stimulus cerebral cortex is inhibited which useful for reducing pain scale dysmenorrhea. Reference from study non-pharmacological technique can be disseminated to secondary schools for the management of pain due to dysmenorrhea in adolescent menarche and early menstruation order to improve the quality and concentration learning.

Article Details