Nurses’ Knowledge Regarding Biochemical Parameter & Dietary Assessment For Patient Undergoing Hemodi Alysis

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Azhar. Hamza. Gaber , Ibrahim A.AI-Ashour


Objective: To Assess of nurses’ knowledge regarding biochemical parameter and dietary assessment of nutritional status for patient undergoing hemodialysis and to find out relationship between nurses’ knowledge and their demographic data.                                                                                                                Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in order to achieve the stated objective, The study starting from March 2ed   ,2022 until the April 1st,2022.The study was conducted in AL-Najaf AL-Ashraf Hospital,in Hemodialysis Centers of Al-Sadder Medical City; Al-Hakeem General Hospital and Al-Najaf-Teaching-Hospital. Non probability (purposive) sample was selected (80) of nurses those who work in Hemodialysis Centers. The sample have been selected according to  the following criteria(Both gender of nurses, All level of education. Nurse work in Hemodialysis Centers at least 6month). A Questionnaire was designed and constructed by researcher to assess the nurses’ knowledge regarding biochemical parameter and dietary  assessment. the questionnaire was prepared and constructed of two parts, PartI:Demographic Data:wich composed of (6) items which include age,gender,level of education, years of experience, participate in  training course related to nutritional status assessment, developed self independently and PartII:Nurse’s Knowledge regarding Biochemical parameter  assessment which include (25) items, which include question about  the normal and abnormal result indicator of some tests related to nutritional status of dialysis patient D-Dietary assessment which consist from (15) items, which include questions about  the common ways to assess the  dietary intake for patient . Data was analyzed by using of descriptive data analysis (frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, and graphical presentation) and by using of inferential analysis, ANOVA test).                      Results: According to the study's findings, the majority of the study sample had poor knowledge of Biochemical parameter  and Dietary assessment. Additionally, there was a highly significant difference between nurses' knowledge and their age group and years of experience at a p-value of less than 0.05. Additionally, there are no significant differences in nurses' knowledge based on their gender, level of education, participation in training courses, or develop themselves independently. According to the study's findings, (36.3%) of the population is between the ages of 26 and 30. The study sample reveals that women make up (62.5 %) of the sample gender, while men make up 37.5%. About (38.8%)% and (35%)% of the study sample's participants, respectively, had nursing institute degree.                                                                          Conclusions: According to the study's findings, nurses who work in hemodialysis centers had poor scores on both the biochemical parameter  knowledge test and Dietary assessment  test. Additionally, a large percentage of nurses who work in hemodialysis centers revealed poor staff nurses knowledge on nutritional status assessment.                                                                                                                           

Recommendation: We suggest that Training and Development Agencies be Oriented for Educational Program (Specially Nutritional Status Assessment for Hemodialysis Patient Educational Program for All New and Old Nurses Work in Hemodialysis Center. Additionally, hospital policy should serve as a standardized instrument for periodic evaluations of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward the practice of nutritional status assessment in hemodialysis centers. Nurses are unable to identify the patient's nutritional issues and to design efficient nutritional nursing care without this knowledge.                            


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