Winter Wheat Varieties – Planting Dates And Photosynthetic Activity

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Keldiyorova Khurshida K. , Jo'rayeva Zukhra J.


The article examines the growth and development of winter wheat varieties on typical irrigated gray soils of the Zarafshan Valley, photosynthetic activity of plants, physiological and biochemical properties in winter, winter hardiness and yield, as well as grain quality depending on the timing of planting. In the course of the study, the task was to study the possibilities of photosynthesis and the efficiency of photosynthesis in zoned varieties at different seeding rates and levels of intensification of production to increase the yield of winter wheat as the main food crop.

Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in plants, and data on metabolism make it possible to determine the effectiveness of agricultural techniques used in the formation of crop yields. Rational use of climate, soil resources, as well as methods of agrotechnical influence ensures optimal leaf surface area. The experiments were carried out on Intensive, Unumli-bugdoy, Sanzar 8, Skifianka varieties.

When the level of photosynthetic potential in the earliest planting options (September 15) was set equal to 100%, the differences between planting periods were even more noticeable. It is noticed that the photosynthetic potential of plants planted on September 30 and October 15 is significantly higher than that of plants planted in the early period.

The cultivars differ slightly from each other in terms of photosynthetic potential based on their biological properties. The average photosynthetic potential of Sanzar-8 wheat sowing in the temperate period (October 15) is 812,6 thousand m2/ha, the photosynthetic potential of Intensive wheat sowing is 809,0 thousand m2/ha. The photosynthetic potential of the Skifyanka was 787,6 thousand m2/ha, and the average photosynthetic potential of the Skifyanka was 696,3 thousand m2/ha.

An analysis of observations showed that wheat varieties studied at different planting times had different effects on leaf index and photosynthetic potential. During temperate climates, 30 September and especially 15 October, the leaf index of the planted plants and therefore the photosynthetic potential will be high. It is noticed that in plants of early planting (September 15), these indicators are somewhat lower. In late planted plants, the number of leaves and photosynthetic potential are sharply reduced.

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