Systematic approach & Application in relevance to Economic & Therapeutic actions of Proteolytic Enzyme: A Review

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Chandan C, Harshitha Arun Pardhe, Gowthamarajan K, Sushma B V, Phani Kumar G, Jeyaprakash M R


Proteolytic enzyme is an enzyme that increases the degradation of proteins into smaller polypeptides or single amino acids. Enzymes are highly complex, their roles and behaviour are determined by a variety of factors. Proteolytic enzyme is present in a variety of foods as well as naturally occurring supplements such as pineapple, papaya, ginger, kiwi, and others. Animals, bacteria, viruses, and fungi also contain protease. Having both synthetic and degradative properties, proteases exist in the group of unique class of enzymes. Proteases are broadly categorised as Endopeptidase and Exopeptidase enzymes based on the place of action on their substrate. Because of their significant position in biological processes, they have a high medicinal and medical profile. They not only have certain physiological functions and responsibilities in living organisms, but they are also very important in many sectors and have a lot of economic benefits. A large number of biological sources of proteases described in this review clearly demonstrate the importance of plants and their applied and industrial uses. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of proteases, their classification, and the various applications of proteases in several fields, clinical studies and the future scope of proteolytic enzymes.

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