Confiscation During The Ottoman Age The Willaya Of Egypt As A Model Based On The Work Titled Aja’eb Al Athar By Al Jabarti

Main Article Content

Prof. Subhi Mahmoud Alazzam and Dr. Khaldoun Khalil Habashneh


The present study aims to shed a light on confiscation during the Ottoman age. It targets the Egyptian state as a model based on a book written by someone who witnessed the corruption of the Ottoman Empire during the eighteenth (18th) century. The researcher of the present study identifies the name of the author of this book and his scientific standing.  He identifies the meaning of confiscation. He identifies the meaning of the associated terms that were used for confiscation. He identifies the causes the drove the officials in the Ottoman Empire in Egypt to confiscate goods. Such causes include: punishment, greed, revenge, slander, and the need for money. He identifies the categories of people who suffered from confiscation. He identifies the methods used for confiscation. He identifies the consequences and impacts of doing such confiscation.

The present study aims to answer several questions that come to one’s mind. Such questions include the following ones: Was the confiscation carried out in the aim of enforcing control over the management and improving the performance of the management? What are the impacts of confiscation on the behaviors of the officials? What is the stand of Istanbul on the confiscation practices? Did the Egyptian government improved or became worse? Do the punishment methods fit with the committed crime? What about the officials holding religious positions? Were they victims of confiscation like others? Did the confiscation practices had positive impacts on economy and the public? There are other questions that the study aimed to answer.

Article Details