The mediating role of optimism and resilience in the association between COVID-19-related stress, subjective well-being, hopelessness, and academic achievement in Italian university students
Main Article Content
The main objective of this study was to examine the mediating role of optimism and resilience in the association between COVID-19-related stress, subjective well-being, hopelessness, and academic achievement among 1,094 Italian university students. In the model, it has been hypothesized that students’ perceptions of stress related to their COVID-19 experiences play a role on perception of one or more of optimism and resilience and, in turn, academic achievement, subjective well-being, and hopelessness. In an examination of the model, mediation analysis indicated that optimism and resilience can mediate the association between COVID-19-related stress and subjective well-being and hopelessness, but there was insufficient evidence regarding the mediating role of optimism and resilience between COVID-19-related stress and academic achievement. This study contributes to the extant literature under the principles of positive psychology, which adopts a view focused on the strengths, virtues, and positive attitudes that help people recover and rebuild from adverse situations. Exploring the role of protective factors is a critical step in developing intervention strategies to promote subjective well-being and reduce hopelessness among university students. Interventions such as training in coping and focusing on the development of resilience and optimism may reduce the level of hopelessness.