The Influence of the Use of Communication Technology in Long Distance Learning on Student Achievement Motivation in a Pandemic Period

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AG. Sudibyo


The COVID-19 pandemic has hit the whole world, including Indonesia. This has been going on for more than a year. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced all activities in the community to be carried out not face to face or online. This also applies to the world of education. During this time, all teaching and learning processes were carried out remotely. In carrying out this distance learning process, the University of Indonesia uses internet-based communication technology facilities. The purpose of the study is to find out the influence of communication technology in instruction on the motivation of students' achievements during pandemics. In developing the learning system, Universitas Indonesia uses the E-learning Management System (EMAS) in addition to many lecturers who use the Zoom, Google Meet, and Google Classroom applications. The use of the "Distance Learning" system will certainly affect student learning patterns, especially their achievement motivation. The theoretical framework in this study uses the Uses and Gratification theory the achievement motivation theory and the concept of distance learning. This study uses a quantitative approach, while the type of research is explanatory with a survey method. The results of this study indicate that there is an influence on several dimensions of achievement motivation, including (1) seriousness in learning; (2) the challenge to complete the task; and (3) the target to complete the study period. The conclusion of this study is that the use of communication technology is an important factor in student achievement motivation. While the suggestion is that because in the future the "Distance Learning" system will end, it is necessary to pay attention to improvements in supporting facilities and teaching systems.


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