The Impact Of Election Laws On The Participation Of The Jordanian Woman In The Elected Local Councils (2017 And 2022) A Comparative Analytical Study

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Bashar Awad Altarawneh


This study aimed at identifying the impact of elections laws on the participation of the Jordanian woman in the elected local councils (municipalities and governorate councils (decentralization)) during the years (2017) and (2022). The study used three approaches, these are: The legal approach, the analytical descriptive approach, and the comparative approach. The study concluded with the following results: first, the Jordanian state has started adopting the elected local councils recently; particularly in 2015, where the government approved the advent of the councils of governorates (decentralization)- before that there were only one type of elections at the local level, which are performed in governorates, known as the municipal councils elections. Second, the election laws related to the elected local councils stated that there is a quota for the Jordanian woman, in addition to the seats that she acquire based on free competition. Third, there was a variation between the contexts of the municipal elections laws for the year 2015 and 2021 in the law of local administration, where they varied concerning the woman's rights to have seats in the municipal elections, especially after canceling the local councils of municipalities in the law of 2021, particularly the law of local administration. Indeed, this has been noticed while analyzing the numbers obtained by the Jordanian women in the municipal elections of 2017 and 2022. As for the women's seats in the councils of governorates (decentralization), the law of (2021) related to local administration helped and encouraged her, a case that was noticed while analyzing the numbers gained by women in the electronics of governorate councils (decentralization). The study recommended the following: first, the necessity of retracting the cancelation of local councils of municipalities. Second, continuing the adoption of the Jordanian quota in the law of local administration, either in municipalities or governorates councils (decentralization), especially after obtaining very few seats based on free competition in those councils. Third, urging the feminist federations and associations to hold more seminars and conferences to instill the idea of the importance of the participation of the Jordanian woman freely with man. Fourth, increasing the role of media in educating the community about the importance of the participation of the Jordanian woman in obtaining seats based on free competition, in addition to the seats obtained by quota, and promoting awareness concerning the importance of women's reaching to an seat in the governorates which is the head of the municipal council.

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