ISLAMIC TEACHING IN BIMA INDONESIA: Dissemination of Sangaji’s Role (Political And Religious Elites)

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Abdullah Thalib, Syarifuddin Jurdi, Aksa, Baso Pallawagau


This study examines the role of political and religious figures in spreading and penetrating Islamic teachings into society in Indonesia. Using Harold D Lasswell's communication theory, this research focuses on studying the role of Sangaji and Tuan Guru in Bima Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province, as the research location. Bima was chosen as the research location because this area is an area of harmonious collaboration between political elitists and ulama. Thus, this research is a qualitative field study. Data were obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation and enriched with literature studies relevant to the research theme. Sangaji is a sultan or king who is charismatic, highly spiritual, and respected by the Bima people. Meanwhile, Tuan Guru (Javanese: Kyai, Makassar: Anre Gurutta) is an Islamic religious leader with broad religious knowledge and good character. The results showed that several Sangaji and Tuan Guru had succeeded in disseminating Islamic teachings in the Bima community through the da'wah movement, writings, and the construction of mosques and Islamic educational institutions. In the field of writing, they produce the book of monotheism (the book "Nur al-Mubiin fi i'tiqadi sentence syahadatain"}, the book of interpretation, hadith, fiqhi (Ar-Risalah Al-Aminiyah, (Introduction to the Science of Hadith and the Science of Fiqh), and history books. The da'wah media used in launching the dissemination of Islamic teachings are delivering lectures at the mosque pulpit, recitation of the taklim assembly, recitations at the royal office, and attending several ritual events related to the traditions of the Bima community, such as; the apostle's prayer event (safety), aqiqah prayer, marriage, circumcision prayer, kiri loko prayer (seven months of one's pregnancy), and death prayers and then followed by religious lectures relevant to the prayer event. Then the physical evidence institutionally the Sangaji and Tuan Guru have built a number of mosques and educational institutions such as; The Darul Ma'arif Bima Islamic Boarding School and Education Foundation at the madrasah Ibtidaiyah, Tsanawiyah and Madrasah Aliyah levels, even to the point of establishing a boarding school the Islamic College of Tarbiyah Sunan Giri High School in Bima.

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