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Daily, hundreds of millions of people use their phones in their everyday lives, and many of them become victims of a variety of illicit activities.With the ongoing expansion of the smart phone market, the likelihood of their usage in illegal acts has also increased. Nowadays, mobile phones come with a diverse set of software applications, new technologies, and operating systems. Advances in mobile phone semiconductor technology, as well as an increase in computational power, have allowed mobile phones to become more efficient while remaining tiny enough to fit in a pocket. As a result, examining evidence via a mobile phone becomes difficult for a forensic investigator. The capture of information from mobile devices is routinely used as persuasive proof, and it's become an important part of forensic investigations.To obtain meaningful data, a thorough understanding of forensic tools and their characteristics is essential. The nature of some of the newest types of information that can become possible evidence on mobile phones is examined in this paper. It also covers several newer technologies and their effectiveness in collecting phone-based evidences.This study also assesses mobile device characteristics, mobile forensic investigation steps, and distinct mobile forensic technologies along with their limitations and future scope.