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The spread of corruption and limited integrity in state institutions leads to a violation of the state's commitment to human rights, which will prevent the development of effective programs and policies to promote human rights. Corruption affects all areas of civil, political, economic and social human rights. Moreover, human rights and corruption can be linked in two ways, the first: the possibility of a human rights violation due to corrupt behavior, and the second: the possibility of a human rights violation shared by anti-corruption measures.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) 2013 stated, “In recent years, the United Nations and regional organizations have recognized the negative effects of corruption on human rights.” This international interest in linking human rights issues and their negative impact on corruption is very clear, especially through the world’s celebration on the ninth of December as the International Anti-Corruption Day to mobilize towards the goal of combating corruption that devours nations and destroys civilizations and countries, just like cancer, if it is not combated quickly, it will spread and be difficult to eradicate.On the day following the International Anti-Corruption Day – on the tenth of December – the world celebrates the International Human Rights Day. This sequence and linkage between the fight against corruption and human rights makes it clear that corruption is a flagrant violation of human rights and combating it is the most important means of stopping violations.
Corruption has a significant negative impact on the groups most vulnerable to abuse (women, children, the disabled, people with special needs and the elderly), as more corruption undermines the ability of states to fulfill their human rights obligations and diminishes the quality of public services due to manipulation of public budgets and detraction from the amounts allocated to promoting human rights. Therefore, a strategy is needed to protect human rights from corruption. And if the mastery of power and possession of it makes those in power invest it horribly and to the extreme, and sometimes use it for purposes other than those for which it was found, then this makes the practice of various forms of corruption, whether administrative or financial corruption, achieved to a high degree in these countries, especially in Iraq, where the phenomenon of corruption has emerged greatly.