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Indian armed forces is considered to be one of the lethal in the world. The modernization of the Indian armed forces is an ongoing process as a large number of weapons are being sourced both from India and Abroad. However due to the ever growing needs and India is the only country that shares a land border with two nuclear armed hostile nations. India cannot afford to have a chinks in its armour. One such arena where India has been lagging behind is the Military Aviation where the majority of the platforms are saddled with obsolescence. Things are progressing both under imported route as well as under Prime Minister’s ‘Make in India’ Programme and Aatmanirbhar Bharat Programme. Poor planning, inefficient procurement procedure and lack of a roadmap called ‘Strategic Defence Review’ is holding India’s modernization programs. The study is aimed at exposing the fault lines briefly which will help to address the problems faced by the nation as a whole. This brief study is aimed at finding the ways and means to develop the scientific and industrial base in our country in order to be self-reliant and according to the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ vision of India.