Main Article Content
The interpretation of metaphor as a phenomenon related to the explicit level of the language system does not allow us to understand its true essence. With this interpretation, it is possible to obtain information about the formal structure and use of metaphor, but the position of this phenomenon in human cognitive activity is unclear.
The formation of a metaphor in cognitive linguistics is considered not only as a linguistic process that occurs purely at the linguistic level, but also as a product of thinking that has creative properties that contribute to the development of meaning. According to this theory, the study of the actualization of metaphor in discursive activity and in the text is associated with the identification of factors that ensure the conjugation of two similar referents in human consciousness.
The transition of a linguistic form from one referent to another in metaphorical shifts is not a common phenomenon but is the result of relations between semantic contexts. Such a transition should serve to express a certain meaning from the point of view of the speaker or the author of the text.