Gender and Socio-economic Status: Revisiting its role on the English language Learning Motivation among Secondary Language-Specialized Students

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Olga O. Sandal*, Analyn D. Saavedra, Claire A. Madrazo, Maria Socorro Yvonne H. Ramos


Gender refers to the characteristics of women, men, girls and boys that are socially constructed.  This includes norms, behaviours and roles associated with being a woman, man, girl or boy, as well as relationships with each other. As a social construct, gender varies from society to society and can change over time.

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