The effect the (Confer _ Compare _ Explain) strategy of the Achievement of Fifth Grade science schoolgirls in the since subject

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Jenan Sadiq Hussain, Kifah Mohsen Abdullah


The aim of the current research is to identify (the effect of the strategy ( grants -  compares – explains ) in the achievement of the fifth grade students in science), by  verifying the formulation of the following zero hypothesis: -

(There are no statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who were taught according to the strategy sand the average scores of the control group students who were studied according to the normal method in the achievement test in science).

The experimental design was chosen with two experimental and control groups, one of which is partially controlled by those with post-achievement test. The current research community represents all the fifth grade primary schoolgirls in the government primary schools of the Baghdad Directorate of Education/Rusafa for the third academic year   (2021-2022). The (primary trench school for girls) was chosen as a model to represent the research sample, as it contains three randomly distributed divisions ( A-B-C ). Two divisions were randomly appointed (simple random) (B and A) as a sample for research. After excluding the female students, the number of female students in the experimental and control group reached about (68) with the number of female students in the experimental group (A, B), two divisions were selected with simple randomization  (B, A) for research , and after excluding the female students in the experimental and control group  amounted to about  (A, B, D,  according to a strategy that shows ( 3) and (5) the control  student according to the method.

  The two groups were rewarded in the variables (intelligence, previous achievement, previous information), and the experiment was conducted in the first semester of the academic year(2021-2022).

After the completion of the experiment and the application, the researcher prepared an achievement test of a type of multiple selection with three alternatives consisting of  ( 30paragraphs in the subject of science). The data were analyzed statistically using a test (t-test ) for two independent samples. The following results showed :

( The students of the experimental group who were taught according to the strategy ( grant – compare – explain  ) are superior to the students of the control group who were taught according to the usual method in the science achievement test), so the researcher recommends some recommendations and suggestions.

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