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The present world is full of training frameworks that include graphical and digitized arrangements for people with normal vision. For visually impaired people evolving such training frameworks remains a challenge. Blind people, particularly those who are passionate about establishing themselves in the fields of science and mathematics, are finding it difficult to continue their study. The lack of training frameworks that can assist children in learning graphic three-dimensional structures, mathematical symbols, and equations is the fundamental cause for this. Learning and understanding mathematical concepts is quite hard for primary and secondary education of blind people, which subsequently hinders their career choices and career growth. The purpose of this research is to review the present status, current trends and tools that are available to blind people to learn subjects in the field of the mathematics and science. The study also includes the future perspectives and challenges for vision disabled learners in the field of mathematics. The present study has collected data from two blind schools to exhibit the challenges in learning mathematics. Samples were chosen from students and professionals engaged in mathematics teaching and learning to understand the ground-level user needs and challenges.