Main Article Content
The article considers in a comparative aspect the consonants of the phonemes of Kyrgyz and German, to establish their functional properties.
Kyrgyz is the state language of the Kyrgyz Republic. The process of globalization as a global trend leads to new forms, new conditions and new features of functioning, and mechanisms of interaction of the Kyrgyz language with world and other ethnic languages.The intensive process of contact of the Kyrgyz language is observed with all world languages - English, Chinese, and French, including German. The interaction of German and Kyrgyz languages is carried out in oral speech activities in the conditions of teaching German to universities, colleges and schools in Kyrgyzstan. In the process of oral speech activity, the material and sound, phonetic side of language systems is updated. The sound manifestation of the structure and system of the language is the very first condition for the existence, implementation and functioning of the language in the human team.Comparative linguistics explores the essence, structures and systems of languages, regardless of their genetic or typological affiliation: a Kyrgyz isagglunitiv language and a German language is flective.A comparative analysis of consonant phonemes of Kyrgyz and German consists in determining and identifying their similarities, differences, features. The typological difference of which lies in the functional properties of sound units, as components of speech itself: in syllables, words, phrases, texts.Since the phoneme and sound of the concept have a common essence, then sound as a phonetic phenomenon is the object of study of phonetics, and phonology explores the linguistic properties of sounds that are detected on the basis of phonetically significant characteristics, differential features of articulation, sound, and, of course, voice participation.The functional properties of the phoneme as a linguistic phenomenon are based on the phonetic properties of sounds/phonemes - articulation. In each language, the phonetic and phonological essence of the phoneme is determined from the relevant positions of the consonant phonemes in each language.