The Effectiveness of Group Schema Therapy on Reducing Rumination Due to Depression

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Naeema Davoodi Manesh, *Nader Monirpour


Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine whether group schema therapy can reduce rumination associated with depression. Method: The current study was quasi-experimental with a pretest and post-test and a control and test group. A convenient sampling method was used to select 24 participants, who were randomly assigned into two equal groups to ensure that the sample size was adequate. The group schema therapy, lasting 60 minutes, was provided twice a week to the intervention group, while the control group was placed on a waiting list. To collect the data, we used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Young Schema Questionnaires, and Nolen-Hoeksema's Analytical Rumination Questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate ANOVAs were interpreted and scored by SPSS-23 statistical software using mean and standard deviation statistics at the descriptive level and ANOVA at the inferential level. Results: The participants with depression in the experimental and control groups were significantly different (p<0.05) regarding rumination variables and their components, i.e., Group Schema Therapy reduces rumination associated with depression. Conclusion: This study suggests that schema therapy can control depression, which has been spreading worldwide due to the outbreak of Covi19.

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