Reasons And Effects Of Code-Switching In Bs Classes Of The Department Of English At Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak, Pakistan

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Faisal Zeeshan , Dr. Syed Azaz Ali Shah , Shah Zeb Anwer


This study aimed to investigate the reasons and effects of code-switching (CS) when used by a lecturer in instructing his/her students through interaction in English classes at BS level. This study was carried out at Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak (KKKUK), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This qualitative and quantitative study used a pragmatic research approach to know the reasons of code-switching and its effects on the KKKUK English department students. The study used a total sample size of (N=125) teachers and students. Purposive sampling techniques were used for the data-collection methodologies and processes, including survey questionnaires, interviews were employed. A closed ended questionnaire was designed to gather data. SPSS was used to analyze the collected data. The acquired data was examined using descriptive statistics, such as percentages, means, and standard deviation, to interpret and discuss findings. According to data analysis, code-switching in the English language classroom was employed to promote interactions during English learning. The findings demonstrated that using CS in the classroom facilitates the teaching and learning process. It should be utilized to facilitate the teaching and learning of English language. Furthermore, it should be used to engage pupils in classroom activities. Seminars and pieces of training should be organized to encourage the usage of CS in the English classroom. The findings of this study are intended to be valuable, particularly for language instructors, in understanding the role and efficacy of code-switching in the classroom.

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