Special Education Integration Program (PPKI) in Malaysia: Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Teachers’ Job Satisfaction

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Mohd Norazmi bin Nordin, Mohamad Zaid Bin Mustafa, Abdul Rasid Bin Abdul Razzaq


This study explores the factors leading to the onset of job satisfaction among teachers of the Special Education Integration Program (PPKI). Satisfaction in performing tasks is very important in ensuring the productivity. Many special education teachers have trouble achieving their job satisfaction. Among the factors contributing to this issue are the factors of safety, security, relationships, welfare, finance and physiology. In this study, researchers use quantitative methods for data collection. The questionnaire was distributed online using the google form platform to randomly collect data from 400 respondents across Malaysia. The data obtained were then analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) using AMOS 21. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to obtain factor loading for each element obtained namely facilities, safety, relationships, welfare, finance and physiology. The analysis results show that the all factors reflect the appropriate fit and meet all the criteria for validation. There have been several studies examining the factors of special education teacher job satisfaction, but the application of the SEM analysis approach using AMOS is still underdeveloped. The findings of this study provide an overview to future researchers related to job satisfaction among special education teachers in Malaysia. This study also shows that the items used have good reliability values and they can be used for further studies. Therefore, the findings of this study can further confirm previous findings on this issue.


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