Tribal Education and RTE Act. 2009: A study on Balangir district of Odisha

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Bhurishraba Majhi, Dr. Sujata Acharya, Principal


The main purpose of this paper was to explore the common issues and encounters that appeared, in deterring inclusion of tribal children in different parts of Balangir district of Odisha that were commonly attitudinal barriers of them, lack of awareness of the legal provisions and subsequent schemes, lack of necessary infrastructure in school, lack of and retention of trained staff adaptation of curriculum and materials and lack of control systems in elementary education. Though India has taken ownership for inclusive education by establishing legal provisions through the RTE Act. 2009 and Article 21 which made Right to Education a fundamental right. But we know in India acts are framed but they are not implemented with a true spirit because of ill motivated administrators. There are several issues and challenges which still need to explore and discuss for the successful implementation of Right to Education Act. in special reference to Balangir district of Odisha state. So according to the above matter three research questions and same number of objectives have been taken to justify the topic and highlight the current benefits, scenario and strategies of implementation of RTE Act. in the tribal areas.To gain an in-depth understanding of the topic, descriptive survey type of research design employed with 400 students of elementary school 200 male and 200 female and data analysed by using Mean, SD and ‘t’ test. Results indicated that there is gender difference exist in relation to Right to Education. It was also found that there is ethnic difference exist in relation to Right to Education. At last the study made some suggestions like , the private school authorities may threaten the Tribal parents to expel their children in case of failure and there is a separate directorate for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribe along with different Ministries.

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