The Specifics Of The Development Of Additive Manufacturing Technologies In Russia In The Context Of Globalization: Economic And Technological Aspects
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The article examines the number of issues concerning the application of additive manufacturing technologies in modern Russia and its adaptation to modern market conditions. Russia, by launching a special military operation in Ukraine, forced itself to develop under global economic sanctions. The economics of additive manufacturing have been insufficiently studied in Russia. We would say that its study is still in the initial stage, despite the fact that some Western researchers have announced a whole new industrial revolution, which would be the additive manufacturing. (Kuhn, 2011; Schiffler, 2015; D'Aveni, 2015) This is due both to the fact that these technologies are not yet so widespread in Russia and that this problem still attracts the attention of a narrow circle of experts who are mainly technicians. Therefore, the analysis of the effectiveness of additive technologies is carried out using production management techniques instead of modern microeconomics. Hence, we do not have a full understanding of why the spread of additive manufacturing in Russia is not on such a large scale as, e.g. in China or Germany. This study identifies the effectiveness of the implementing additive manufacturing technologies into Russian industrial production on the example of the aircraft industry with the use of a linear market model (microeconomic method). The developments of Russian and foreign experts, as well as the situation in the Russian aircraft industry we have modeled, are taken as the basis for this research. The article mainly uses normative analysis. Authors emphasize that the spread of additive manufacturing technologies within the framework of Russian industrial production is difficult due to the low elasticity of supply and demand. The low elastic supply appears to be the key reason for the difficulties in the innovative development of additive manufacturing in Russia.