Main Article Content
Qur’ān is the book of guidance in all aspects of life. When compared to scientific findings, the faith of today’s reader is clearly strengthened. As a result, we grow more convinced of the Qur’ān’s inimitability. But there are people who are keen on interpreting the Qur’ān through science which leads to certain problems. One such problem is that often those who rely on science merely for strengthening their belief in Qur’ān are left confused when science changes its view on certain theories that were initially deemed to be conforming with the Qur’ānic explanation of a certain natural phenomenon.
We find a solution by postulating that these interpretations should primarily serve as a reference rather than a proof. There is a narrow line between discussing scientific findings as a source of information and using them to show the Qur’ān's inimitability. Both of these techniques have major differences; yet, they are frequently confused. It is argued that it is permissible to relate the verses of the Qur’ān with the modern scientific discoveries as it falls under the category of “Tafsīr bil-Ra’y” (interpretation by one’s personal understanding as opposed to what is reliably transmitted).
However, for doing so, a few guidelines must be established. These include assessing the competency of the exegete, relying on real science rather than mere speculative theories, interpreting within the lexical parameters of the Qur’ānic words and not controverting the classical understanding.
The following article discusses the stipulated conditions and guidelines that are set by the scholars to maintain balance and avoid unrealistic and objectionable interpretations of the Qur’ān.