An Analysis Of Microbial Diseases: A Non- Traditional Security Threat To Pakistan

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Abdul waheed , Dr. Muhammad Umar , Ayesha Alam , Qaiser Iqbal


Human on earth seriously suffer from both traditional and non-traditional securities. Current literature generally shifted focus of research from traditional to non-traditional security threats, natural disasters and diseases causes by climatic changes. Pakistan, a third-world country, is no exception; rather, it has been hard hit by natural disasters and their aftereffects, spread of microbial diseases like malaria, polio, dengue, HIV/AIDS, and most recently the coronavirus. This paper selected these microbial diseases for analysis as a non-traditional security threat to Pakistan. The main objective of this paper is to explore causes of microbial diseases and analyze the impact of the outbreak of these diseases in Pakistan. The descriptive approach within the framework of qualitative methodology is adopted to deal with the objectives. The paper claims that natural disasters pose a non-traditional security threats and Pakistan being a developing state with poor health services is comparatively badly affected by the microbial diseases. 

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