Main Article Content
The purpose of this research was to determine the scope of the state's obligation according to Islamic jurisprudence and Libyan law in the event that an epidemic, using Covid 19 as an example, is allowed to spread. The fragility of the health authorities in Libya and their failure to absorb the Covid pandemic is the source of the difficulty with the research. This shortcoming is reflective of the fact that the state's responsibilities in Libya are relatively limited. In Libyan law, there are a number of legal requirements that, if followed, would lead to increased emphasis on the responsibility of the state. The research used an analytical method to investigate Islamic jurisprudence and Libyan law regarding the nature of the state's duty in the event of the spread of an epidemic (Covid 19). The inductive method was also used in the study to extrapolate the texts of the Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet regarding instances of the spread of the epidemic and the responsibility of the state according to Islamic jurisprudence and Libyan law. This was done in order to draw conclusions about these topics. In addition, a comparative method was used throughout the investigation. in order to make a comparison between the texts of Libyan law and Islamic jurisprudence in relation to the spread of diseases. According to the findings of the study, the concept of the Corona pandemic in Libyan law is compatible with Islamic law. Furthermore, the study revealed that it is the state's responsibility to control the Corona epidemic in accordance with the principle of equality in duties and costs before society. According to the findings of the research, the legislation in Libya has to be revised in such a manner that it helps contribute to outlining the legal processes and measures that need to be taken for each epidemic individually. This will help restrict the development of similar epidemics in the future.