Main Article Content
This research explores the Madrasa (Islamic education institution of Pakistan) Mullah (teachers) and students’ perceptions of the integration of Modern education (ICT and Basic sciences) challenges during learning and teaching. This study is based on the triangulation mixed method and the data was gathered through semi-structured interviews and a survey (closed-ended questionnaire of 20 items). The researcher selected all Sialkot, Pakistan madrasas where the Dars-e Nizami courses were taught for eight years. The researcher used a purposive sample technique to select 240 participants including 50 teachers, 10 administrators, and 180 students who study these madrasas. The results of the study showed that the administration of madrasas provides free accommodation food and schooling including ICT and library facilities. the Ulma faced issues with teaching sciences in Madaras, which are highlighted by the participants including infrastructure, lab facility, lack of external sources of funds, training, practices, and social acceptance. The students also faced and highlighted the social and administration acceptance, hesitation, and lack of motivation, practices, beliefs, and resistance of society. The Government of Pakistan needs to seriously take up these challenges and financial support and take sudden steps toward sciences teaching and learning in Madaras.