Individual Nostalgia In Pashto Landia

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Maiwand Bakhtyar , Abdul Wahid Naseri , Waheedullah Amiri


Landai is a folkloric genre of Pashto language, with one verse is nine syllable and second verse is thirteen syllable. It can include a variety of topics. The landia is speaks a book of a words in twenty-two syllables. Most Landais have nostalgic features. Nostalgia is a psychological term currently used in the literature. Nostalgia in literature refers to the longing for sorrow, the grief of poverty, the past, childhood, adolescence and old age. Poetry and the arts as a whole paint a picture of man's inner world, part of which is the grief of poverty, statelessness and longing for the past. These psychological states that emerge in poetry are called nostalgic literature.

Nostalgia can be broadly divided into two types, one called individual nostalgia and the other collective nostalgia. Recollection of memories that have a social aspect is called collective nostalgia and recollection of memories that are related to the individual is called individual nostalgia. Landais in Pashto, often recited by women, have a nostalgic characteristic compared to other poems. The aim of this study and research is to show that not only contemporary, classical mystical, lyrical and epic poetry has nostalgic features, but also this psychological abstract phenomenon can be seen and felt in Pashto folk literature.

The type of research is librarian and we have studied the subject with the help of descriptive method. As a result, Pashto landia have more nostalgic features than any other, as you can see in the article.

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