Critical Analysis Of Educational Policies Of Pakistan

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Ms Fouzia Malik , Hina Manzoor , Hina Manzoor , Hatesh Kumar , Salma Channa , Tabassum Raza


Education is considered to be a milestone for the development of the State. In brief, all the main facets of change have been seen to have a substantial positive effect on wages, incomes, competitiveness, wellbeing and the decrease in population growth. Due to the multiple issues in the economic, societal, and educational sectors after the independence of Pakistan, the leaders, politicians and educationists played major roles in strengthening the foundations of education. This research study is based on content analysis (quantitative research) of developed national educational policies (1959, 1972, 1998-2010, 2009-2010). Content analysis is a systematic research method of analyzing and inferring written, verbal, or visual communication messages (Cole, 1988). It was first used for diagnosing hymns, newspaper and magazine articles, advertisements and political speeches in the 19th century (Harwood & Garry, 2003). The curriculum development process was made a diversify and continuous process. Likewise, the introduction of multiple textbooks, the development of National Testing Services, and the introduction of a comprehensive monitoring system were also planned. The educational policy 2009-2010 originated from 1998 and focused on progress of resources announced in 2009. Therefore, the target set is not properly planned and it seems that the government has set it without proper survey, research and planning. As a result, it was recommended to bring innovations in current educational policies through researchers to address and solve the problems.

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