Analysis Of Climate Trend Causes Of The Event Of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (Dhf) In Batam City 2016-2021

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Herdianti , Dewi Susanna , Tris Eryando , Siti Nurhalizah Ramadhani , Roni Saputra


Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is one of the endemic diseases in Indonesia caused by the virus transmitted by Aedes Aegypti, and the increasing incidence of dengue fever can be influenced by many factors, one of them is climate factors. This study aims to determine the relationship between climate and the case of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Batam City from 2016-2021.The research methodology used is quantitative with the Time Series method of correlation test. This study used secondary data for six years (2016-2021). Data on the number of dengue hemorrhagic fever events per month was obtained from the Batam City Health Office and climate data from the Batam City Meteorological Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG). Data analysis was performed univariate and bivariate using the Pearson Product Moment test if the data is usually distributed and the Spearman Rank test if the data is not normally distributed. The study’s results proved a significant relationship of weak meaning with an opposing direction between air temperature and the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever; no relationship meant very weak with a positive direction between rainfall and the incidence of dengue. No relationship meant very weak with an opposing direction between humidity and the duration of solar irradiation to the incidence rate of DHF. This study concludes that only air temperature has a meaningful relationship with dengue hemorrhagic fever incidence. Suggestions submitted to Batam City Health Office; it is expected to be able to cooperate with BMKG regarding dengue fever prevention and control programs; The community is expected to participate in the management of dengue fever; Researchers are furthermore expected to continue using different designs and variables.

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