Community Empowerment Through Village Owned Business Entities And Corporate Social Responsibility In Rural Clean Water Supply Program In Bogor District

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Saprudin , Soleh Suryadi , Uyat Suyatna , Faris Shafrullah , Leni Indrawati


Background: High population growth and economic activity raises the problem of environmental pollution and scarcity of clean water and sanitation needs. The government builds infrastructure and facilities for drinking water and sanitation in villages which are managed by the community through community groups.

The research objective is that the Community-Based Drinking Water and Sanitation Provision Program (Pamsimas) has become one of the national mainstay programs (Central Government and Regional Governments) to increase rural population access to proper drinking water and sanitation facilities with a community-based approach, improve access to water services. Clean and sanitation for the poor in rural and suburban areas, as well as increasing the value and behavior of clean and healthy living.

Methods: what is used is qualitative triangulation of data, by conducting interviews with informants.

Results: The research findings of community empowerment through BUM Desa and CSR in rural water supply and sanitation programs in Bogor Regency, have not been effective, this is due to the policy pattern that is centralized and uniform (uniformity) and the pattern of development is not yet accustomed to taking their own initiative. The factors that become obstacles in community empowerment through BUM Desa and CSR in the program for providing clean water and sanitation for rural communities in Bogor Regency, where the village government through the BUM Desa business unit in exploring, cultivating and attracting active participation from the community, and good participation has become a commitment in community empowerment tends to be more  selective, in the sense that they participate when programs are designed with clear directions and utilize existing local resources, and the implementation of community empowerment programs through BUM Desa and CSR in accordance with empowerment commitments, and involves various components. Community according to the needs of the community. Community empowerment in the program of providing clean water and sanitation for rural communities will run effectively, if implementing the empowerment stages are carried out by (1) Awareness phase, (2) Transformation phase, (3) Capacity building phase. Meanwhile, empowerment is done through: (1) Enaibling, (2) Empowering, and (3) Protecting.

Conclusions: Community empowerment through BUM Desa and CSR in the program of providing clean water and sanitation for rural communities is a process and goal in developing   self-reliance, strengthening the position of every government decision or policy, it is necessary to have the ability of supporting resources and indicators of the stages of community empowerment. Methods of community empowerment that are still not understood by the concept of community empowerment by the parties concerned, so that in its implementation it becomes misguided, a new way of community empowerment is offered by proportionally involving community components and local government support.

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