Relationship Between Times And Onset Of Symptoms Of Acute Myocardial Infarction Patient At Ccu In Erbil City
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Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to find out the time onset of acute myocardial infarction in different times and relationship between myocardial infarction symptoms of patients.
Background: Acute Myocardial Infarction is occurring because of sustained ischemia, causing irreversible myocardial cell death. Thrombus formation causes 80% to 90% of all acute myocardial infarction.
Design: A quantitative, cross sectional study design.
Methods: A study was conducted in coronary care unit on Acute Myocardial Infarction patient at Erbil Hospitals of Hawler, Rizgary and East Emergency Teaching Hospitals. This study was started from May, 2019 to October of 2019.
Results: A non-probability convenience method used to recruit patients. Informal oral consent was obtained. Data was analysed through the Statistical Package for Science Service, V 20. Descriptive statistical analyses that was include. Frequency and percentage. The Inferential statistical data analysis through Chi-square and Fisher's Exact tests: used to find out the association between categorical variables. Probability of p–value and considered significant at the level of ≤ 0.05. The researcher was collected the data through face to face interview after taking an agreement from patients and the samples were interviewed via one session about half an hour with protect patient trust and confidentially.
Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that more than half of the study sample were had severe chest pain in the morning and nearly one third of them were had diaphoresis and shortness of breathing at night. The majority of the sample were had no nausea, vomiting and most of them were felt palpitation at night.
1-Further study should be done this problem to reduce morbidity and mortality.
2-Provide information to the patient on cardiac problems to be knowledgeable about the disease process.
3-Guide the patient when feeling the chest pain especially in the morning visit the nearest hospital.