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The current study aimed to understand the relationship between self-reproach and severe sadness "depression" by analyzing a group of Quranic verses and prophetic hadiths. It also aimed to analyze this relationship, and shed light on the approach of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, in dealing with these cases and situations. The researcher used the descriptive analytical method to investigate the phenomenon under study by examining the Qur’anic verses and the noble Prophetic hadiths that dealt with the issue of self-reproach and depression.
The findings of the study showed a relationship between self-reproach and depression, as depression is considered a result of self-reproach. The results also indicated that depression in the lives of the Companions was not a pathological condition, but rather a temporary symptom. It was also noted that the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, called for avoiding sadness and depression through the use of glad tidings, patience, and good faith in God, and a return from despair and self-reproach.