Assessment Of Prevalence Of Depression And Its Impact On The Quality Of Life In Patients With OCD
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Background: Obsessive–compulsive disorder is a severe and debilitating anxiety disorder. The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of depression and its impact on the quality of life in patients with OCD.
Materials & Methods: 110 patients of OCD of both genders were included and parameter such as types of compulsions, compulsions, type and severity of obsession and quality of life domain was recorded. WHOQOL-BREF was used.
Results: Out of 110 patients, males were 40 and females were 70. Type of obsession was aggressive in 30, pathological in 25, religious in 15, contamination in 12, somatic in 18 and symmetry in 10. Type of compulsions was arranging in 18, checking in 12, counting in 35, washing in 40 and repeating in 5. Type of OCD was mixed obsession and compulsion in 70 and predominant obsessions in 40 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).OCD with depression was seen in 72 and without depression in 38. QoL domain mean value for physical health was 63.2 and 71.3, psychological health was 34.5 and 70.6, social relationships was 42.1 and 72.4 and environmental health was 70.6 and 73.5 respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was high prevalence of depression in patients with OCD. The quality of life was impaired in OCD patients.