Main Article Content
Freud is one of the most important and controversial psychologists of the twentieth century. His ideas have influenced moral, social and religious life in modern Western society. Freud's theories include theory of consciousness, subconscious, and sex theory. He sets three different stages of sexual life. Earlier, it was thought that sexual arousal manifested itself during adolescence, while he proposed that sexual arousal begins to manifest itself immediately after the birth of a child. He takes sex in a broader sense, and does not limit it to mere sexual acts, and applies it to the emotional, social and religious level, to the confusions that arise on the basis of social taboos, and link them to world classical literature. He explains with examples of different characters and uses the names of these characters as a term to give the impression that when sexual emotions are not directly evoked then either perversion occurs in personality or height. In the case of perversion, the individual suffers from many problems, while in the case of elevation, he creates fine arts. He associates the desire for life and death in the individual with the same instinct. He also suggests solutions to sexual dilemmas through dissolution. Freud considers dreams to be the epitome of sex life. Freud's theory of sex is filled with sexual desire, while according to Islam, sexual desire begins to appear naturally in a child from the beginning of puberty. Instead of making man a material animal or a priest of desires, Islam provides the best rules and regulations for the fulfillment of natural desires.