Is Psychological Capital A Mediator Between Authentic Leadership And Job Performance Among Teachers Of Private Sector Universities Of Pakistan?
Main Article Content
The objective of current research is to investigate the role of psychological capital as a mediator between authentic leadership and job performance among teachers of public sector universities of Pakistan. Authentic Leadership Inventory (Neider & Schriesheim, 2011) was used to measure the overall authentic leadership and its dimensions: Balanced Processing, Rational Transparency, Internalized Moral Perspective and Self-Awareness. Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Luthans, Avey, Avolio, Norman, & Combs, 2006) was used to measure the overall psychological capital as well as its dimensions: Hope, Optimism, Self-Efficacy and Resilience. Job Performance Questionnaire (Goodman & Svyantek, 1999) was used to measure the overall job performance and its dimensions: In-Role Performance and Extra-Role Performance. Data were collected from four hundred and sixty five (N=465) faculty members of public sector universities of Baluchistan, Sindh, Punjab and KP of Pakistan. SPSS and Amos were employed to analyze the data. Authentic leadership was found to have a significant association with job performance and with its two dimensions. The results also showed that authentic leadership has a significant association with psychological capital and its four dimensions. Psychological capital was also found to have as significant association with job performance and its dimensions. Finally, the results revealed that psychological capital played a role of mediator and partially mediated the relationship of authentic leadership and job performance.