The Emergence Of Economic Recovery Among Urban Slum Communities: New Pattern Of Socio-Economic Vulnerability Adaptation During The COVID-19 Pandemic In DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
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Although many studies have been conducted on the socio-economic conditions of vulnerable people living in urban areas, there has been limited research focusing on socio-economic vulnerability and adaptation strategies of densely populated urban communities during COVID-19 in Indonesia. This study employed a phenomenological approach and aimed to examine the pattern of the socio-economic vulnerability and adaptation strategies used by urban slum communities in DKI Jakarta. This study focused on the five most populated subdistricts involving ten participants. Data was obtained through observation, in-depth interviews, and document study. Using social network analysis (SNA), the findings indicated that economic difficulties in the form of money and job, as well as family concerns such as caring for family members and perceptions of gender-based violence, had a high number of connections. These three problems have indeed become the government’s focus and are the best way to balance the fulfillment of the economy and suppress the COVID-19 pandemic in DKI Jakarta. Participants also believe that the government does not actively promote in ensuring economic resilience. As a result, they work creatively to fulfill the economy by building new businesses and utilizing digital technology.