An Evaluation Of The Status Of Early Childhood Education In Sindh

Main Article Content

Zubair Ahmed Chachar , Dr. Abdul Sattar Almani


Gone are the days when the belief that children cannot learn before the age of five used to dominate the world. It has now been substituted by the belief that a child can learn just after he is born. This notion gave birth to the concept of early childhood education. The concept of ECE is still far from being matured in Pakistan, especially Sindh. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the status of ECE in Sindh. The data were collected from a sample of 1400 teachers and 540 headteachers from the delimited number of eleven districts of Sindh through survey method by using questionnaire instrument. The findings revealed that the status of ECE in Sindh is far behind being satisfactory. It was revealed that the quality of the physical environment, teachers and mechanism of health and hygiene facilities significantly impacted this childhood education. It was unfolded that the condition of physical the environment including ECE school-building, compound wall, lavatory block, electricity supply, drinking water, playground, plantation, fans and water supply was very miserable. Similarly, there was a shortage of furniture including chairs, tables, desks and almirah. Also, 40% posts of teachers were vacant over there, while 60of % of teachers working over there were not fully equipped with relevant skills and experience due to the lack of training. Moreover, Health and hygiene facilities were not available in most of the ECE schools. Research has been rounded off with suggestions at the end.

Article Details